Shear behaviour of cable bolt supports in horizontal bedded deposits

CIM Bulletin, Vol. 89, No. 1001, 1996

John M. Goris, Thiessen Team USA, Spokane, Washington, Lewis A. Martin, Spokane Research Center, U.S. Bureau of Mines, Spokane, Washington, Richard P. Curtin, Spokane Research Center, U.S. Bureau of Mines, Spokane, Washington

Cable bolt supports are being recognized as an effective ground control system in underground coal mines in North America, and their use has increased considerably during the past few years. The U.S. Bureau of Mines personnel are conducting both laboratory and field tests to evaluate the performance of these supports under a variety of conditions and to establish realistic design guidelines. This paper describes efforts to evaluate the capability of cable bolts to resist the high shear forces often present in longwall operations. Shear tests were conducted on pairs of 0.025 m3 (0.88 cu. ft) concrete blocks having joint surfaces ranging from rough to smooth. Tests were conducted on blocks both with and without reinforcement with 15.2 mm (0.6 in.) diameter steel cables. During each shear test, the loads and displacements along the normal and shear axes, as well as loads on the cable, were monitored. Cable loads were determined using strain gauges attached to the outside surfaces of the barreland-wedge anchors used for pretensioning the cables. Test results show that a cable bolt placed across a joint more than doubled shear resistance of shear blocks having both smooth and rough joints.
Mots Clés: Cable bolt supports, Ground control systems, Longwall operations, Rock mechanics.