Uranium mineralization in northern Saskatchewan

CIM Bulletin, Vol. 72, No. 804, 1979

R. J. MUNDAY, AGIP Canada Ltd., Calgary, Alberta.

Although uranium deposits in northern Saskatchewan are clustered around the Athabasca basin, basement lithostructure determines their distribution.Basal Wollaston Group pelites are invariably graphitic and carry uraninite in felsic segregations and biotitic pegmatite. Where these intersect the Athabasca Formation, remobilized uranium concentrated as pitchblende. Uranium is also concentrated in silicified and hematized sandstone where the Athabasca Formation overlies post-orogenic faults. Presumably, pregnant solutions associated with the fault were stripped of their metals as they emerged into the contrasting physico-chemical environment of the sandstone basin. Both these types of mineralization correlate with a Grenvillian (-1,000 m.y.) heating event and associated diabase intrusions.However, the rich pitchblende veins at Uranium City appear to predate the Athabasca Formation, but display spatial correlation with the Martin Formation. They are tentatively associated with a syn- to post-D3 retrograde metamorphic event which thoroughly leached crystalline basement and generated uraniferous fluids which escaped, and precipitated metals, into fractures associated with faults that define the grabens in which the Martin Formation was deposited. Remobilization events allowed some of this uranium to move upward into fractures within Martin sediments.
Keywords: Exploration techniques, Mineral exploration, Uranium mineralization, Saskatchewan, Wollaston Group, Athabasca Formation, Pelites, Martin Formation, Pitchblende, Carswell Dome, Uranium City, Rabbit Lake, Raven, Horseshoe, West Bear, Collins Bay, Key Lake, Maurice Bay, Fond-du-Lac, Nisto, Midwest Lake, Dawn Lake, Cree lake, Duddridge Lake, Burbidge Lake.