The Tungsten-Bismuth-Molybdenum Deposit of Brunswick Tin Mines Limited: Its Mode of Occurrence, Mineralogy and Amenability to Mineral Beneficiation
Wm. PETRUK, Mineral Sciences Division , Mines Branch, Department of Energy, Mines and Resources, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
The tungsten-bismuth-molybdenum deposit in southwestern New Brunswick occurs in greisenized and silicified tuffite * and feldspar porphyry in and adjacent to volcanic necks. The ore minerals occur as veins and veinlets and as disseminated grains in gangue. These minerals can be grouped into three assemblages. Assemblage 1 consists of oxides and phosphates of W, Ti, Fe, Nb, Sn, Ta and rare-earth elements, with the main minerals being deposited in the sequence wolframite, rutile, cassiterite. Assemblage 2 consists of arsenoJ)yrite, molybdenite and bismuth, and assemblage 3 of sulphides with minor cassiterite and arsenopyrite. Sphalerite is the main sulphide mineral, but it contains minute inclusions of copper,- tin- and indium-bearing minerals. Textural relations suggest that most of the elements can be recovered from this ore by conventional mineral beneficiation and extraction methods, but a variety of techniques must be employed. It is expected that the wolframite and molybdenite can be recovered satisfactorily, but poor recoveries are expected for bismuth and cassiterite. A sphalerite concentrate can be readily obtained by flotation, but it would contain a wide variety of elements. It is suggested that leaching be used to recover the bismuth and the elements in the sphalerite concentrate.
arsenopyrite, chalcopyrite, fluorite, wolframite, ZnS Sphalerite, Deposits, mineral, minerals, Ore, Ores, sphalerite, Veins