The structure of the Strathcona Mine copper zone

CIM Bulletin, Vol. 74, No. 826, 1981

M.K. Abel, Superintendent, Mines Geology, Falconbridge Nickel Mines Limited, Falconbridge, ON

The Strathcona Mine is located in Levack Township on the North Range of the Sudbury Basin. The main orebody consists of pyrrhotite-pentlandite-chalcopyrite mineralization associated with an embayment of the footwall of the Sudbury Irruptive. A zone of massive chalcopyrite-cubanite-pentlandite mineralization occurs in a complex vein system in a series of mixed gneisses and breccias in the footwall. Vein widths vary from a few millimetres to 6 metres. In December 1979, this zone was estimated to contain 976,000 metric tonnes, with a grade of 9.31% Cu and 0.46% Ni. The vein system has a general strike of N 68°W at an angle of 60 degrees to the average strike of the footwall contact of the Irruptive. The dip of the vein system is 45 degrees SW. The strike and dip of individual veins in the system coincide with the directions that would result if a compressive stress had acted in a direction normal to the footwall of the Sudbury Irruptive, producing a conjugate set of fractures. The strike of the Irruptive at the Strathcona Mine is parallel to the long axis of the basin.

Keywords: Strathcona Mine, Copper deposits, Sulphide deposits, Mine geology, Mineralogy, Zoning, Stress analysis.