The Effect of Different Surface Treatments on the Fatigue Strength of Drill Steel

CIM Bulletin, 1958


In this paper the relative merits of shot peening, induction surface hardening, spiral-rolling, and the combination of these surface treatments, are evaluated on the basis of their capacity to increase the fatigue strength of drill steel. The S-N relations for plain carbon steel (SAE 1080) and Ni-Cr-Mo drill steels in t he as-rolled condition were determined previously, using the new Canadian method of testing drill steel introduced at the annual meeting of the Institute in Toronto in 1950 (19). S-N curves have now been determined by this method for these two drill steels in the following conditions: shot-peened and drawn, induction hardened, induction hardened and shot-peened, and spiralrolled. ( S.R.) . The ratios of the fatigue strengths of these steels after surface treatment, to their fatigue strengths in the as-rolled condition, are compared and the most beneficial treatments are thereby pointed out. The expected range of stresses and their distribution during actual drilling operations are estimated from data available, and the mechanism of failure of drill steel in the as-rolled and surface-treated conditions is analyzed. The magnitude of the surface compression stresses and their effect on fatigue strength are discussed.
Keywords: Drill, Drill Rods, fatigue limit, fatigue strength, shot peening, steel, Drilling, Drills, failures, Fatigue, steel, Steels, stress, Treatment