The Carboniferous Basin - Land and Gulf

CIM Bulletin, 1973

JOHN G. McCAMIS, District Exploration Manager, :Hudson's Bay Oil and Gas Co. Ltd., •Calgary, Alberta

The Maritimes Carboniferous Basin is the largest intermontane basin in the Appalachian Mountain System, occupying a total area of 57,200 square miles and containing up to 30,000 feet of late Devonian through Permian .sediments. Deposition began with continental elastics in late Devonian and early Mississippian. Marine deposition is represented by a limestone-evaporite sequence of late Mississippian age. Pennsylvanian and Permian continental rocks deposited largely in flood-plain and swamp environments complete the succession. Marine seismic data disclose several varieties of structure, both halokinetic and tectonic in origin. Recent exploratory drilling in the offshore part of the Basin encountered good reservoir rocks in the Riversdale sandstones, which also provided encouraging shows. The most likely source rocks of hydrocarbons in the Maritimes Basin are shales in the Horton and Riversdale groups. Potential recoverable reserves of the Maritimes Basin are estimated to be 400 million barrels of oil or 7.8 trillion cubic feet of gas, based on the volume-of-sediment method of calculation.
Keywords: Carboniferous, Gulf of St. Lawrence, Maritimes Basin, sandstone, shale, Oil, Oils, Rock, Rocks, Salt, Salts, Sandstone, Shale, Shales, Structure