Surveying of Diamond Drill Holes At Sherritt Gordon's Ruttan Mine

CIM Bulletin, Vol. 71, No. 789, 1978

D. S. Speakman, Mine Geologist, and I. M. Plummet-, Underground Mine Superintendent, Ruttan Mine, Sherritt Gordon Mines Limited, Leaf Rapids, Manitoba

The copper-zinc orebody at Sherritt Gordon's Ruttan Mine occurs in a structurally complex area of the Rusty Lake greenstone belt in northern Manitoba. Problems in interpreting drill results indicated a large deviation, and the structural complexity an erratic deviation, of drill holes. This was confirmed when a surface hole was intersected 420 feet to the left of line on the 800 level. This problem acted as a catalyst in promoting a search for a suitable down-hole survey method. The instruments investigated included magnetic multishot and gyroscopic units as well as the ABEM Reflex-Fotobor. Only the Fotobor came close to meeting the company's needs of simplicity, reliability, accuracy and ownership. In this paper, the methods of operating this instrument, as well as the data extraction and reduction techniques, are described. Data on the accuracy and repeatability of the instrument are presented, and a tabular presentation of the results of surveying on 86 holes totalling 64,000 feet of drilling is made. Preliminary statements of the results of ongoing research on causes of hole deviation are presented and recommendations for minimizing deviation are given. The use of the survey device is recommended in areas of structural complexity, for very steep or backsight holes and where expected ore intersections are missing.
Keywords: Drilling, Sherritt Gordon, Ruttan mine, Surveying, ABEM, Fotobor, Dip indicators, Data analysis.