Solid-Earth Science in the Appalachian Region of Canada

CIM Bulletin, 1970

W. H. POOLE, Head, Appalachian, Eastern Lowlands and Atlantic Margin Section, Division of Crustal Geology, Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario.

Geological investigation in the Appalachian region of Canada began more than 150 years ago. The distribution of rock formations, and their ages and regional structure are today reasonably well known in most parts of the region to 1- or 2-mile scale. Most Newfoundland geology is known only to 4-mile scale. About 200 earth scientists carry out research in the region, of whom about 25 per cent are government employees, 50 per cent university staff and graduate students, and 25 per cent industry employees. Increased activity is needed toward both regional analyses and problem studies through the efforts of multidisciplinary teams. The ultimate objectives of earth science must be the discovery and development of mineral resources and the use and conservation of natural material in the environment, all for the benefit of the local inhabitants. To accomplish this, the scientific community must carry out an array of research projects ranging from the technical products of geological, geophysical and geochemical surveys through to the research products designed to renew theories and hypotheses bearing on natural processes. Some scientific sub-objectives are listed. Recommended is the increase and broadening of communication among Appalachian scientists, specifically those resident in the Atlantic Provinces. It is proposed that an Appalachian Division of the Geological Association of Canada be formed to provide a forum for discussion of Appalachian topics. In addition, a committee or council of university, industry and government earth scientists should be formed to examine the state of the science in the region, to identify programs of investigation and individual projects of research, and to recommend methods of approach. If the committee succeeds and the scientific community acts upon the recommendations, the quantity, quality and pertinence of research will increase, and earth science will better serve Appalachian society.
Keywords: Appalachians, Bay of Fundy, Geological Survey of Canada, Gulf of St. Lawrence, New Brunswick, SolidEarth Sciences, geology, Newfoundland, Quebec, Research, Rock, Rocks, Survey, Surveys