Resin-grouted cable supports for coal mine ground control
CIM Bulletin, Vol. 92, No. 1028, 1999
S.C. Tadolini, J.L. Gallagher, U.S. Bureau of Mines, Denver, Colorado, United States, and J.M. Goris, U.S. Bureau of Mines, Spokane Research Center, Spokane, Washington, United States
Cable supports offer several advantages over traditional secondary support methods by enhancing stress redistribution to pillars and gob areas, minimizing or eliminating timbers and cribs that reduce ventilation, eradicating material-handling injuries related to placement of crib supports, and providing a cost-effective alternative to secondary support. The U.S. Bureau of Mines (USBM), researching alternatives to traditional roof support methods, designed and installed high-strength cable supports to improve the stability of longwall gate road entries in a western U.S. coal mine. With the cooperation of industry, methods were developed to install and evaluate cable supports in a tailgate area using traditional resin cartridges. The cable-bolted areas successfully maintained roof support throughout the developed entries. Cable supports have replaced wood cribbing as secondary support in the bleeder entry system and have minimized or eliminated the use of cribbing in the longwall tailgate entries. This paper describes the theory, application, and advantages of cable supports and presents some mine
Coal mining, Ground support, Rock mechanics, Underground mining.