Reconnaissance-Level Geochemical and Radiometric Exploration Data from the Vicinity of the Rabbit Lake Uranium Deposit

CIM Bulletin, Vol. 70, No. 781, 1977

E. M. Cameron and S. B. Ballantyne, Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa

Reconnaissance radiometric and geochemical data have been obtained for an area on the western shore of Wollaston Lake that includes the Rabbit Lake uranium deposit. The study area is extensively drift covered. The geochemical data were obtained by analysis of center-lake sediments and surface waters for a variety of elements and other constituents. The airborne radiometric data comprise measurements of eU, eTh and K obtained with a 50,000-cc Nal (Tl) detector at a mean terrain clearance of ISO m and 5-km flight-line spacing. Uranium in lake sediments and uranium in waters are the -most effective geochemical indicators of uranium mineralization; the other elements measured are not notably anomalous. A sample site density of one per 13 km2 is more than adequate for identification of the mineralized area. Because many water samples contain close to or below the current analytical detection limit of 0.05 ppb U, the use of sediments is generally favoured for broad-scale reconnaissance in the region. Uranium in these lake sediments appears to be little influenced by variations in the organic or iron and manganese content. The most effective radiometric indicator of the mineralization is the eU/eTh ratio. This parameter is less influenced by environmental variation on the ground beneath the flight line than eU alone. The eTh/K ratio is anomalous under the Athabasca Formation unconformity where, in places, the uranium mineralization is localized.
Keywords: Mineral exploration, Exploration techniques, Reconnaissance exploration, Geochemical exploration, Radiometric exploration, Rabbit Lake deposit, Uranium, Factor analysis, Statistical data.