Quantitative Treatment of Aeromagnetic Data in Mineral Areas

CIM Bulletin, 1966

L. W. Morley and B. K. Bhattacharyya Geophysicists, Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario

The primary purpose of conducting aeromagnetic surveys in mineral areas, and interpreting the data thus obtained, is to aid in the extrapolation of the geology from known to unknown areas-both in a horizontal and vertical direction. This paper describes one of the steps in the process of interpretation which has, in the past, been neglected-that of mathematically or quantitatively treating the data in two-dimensional map form. For this, several! techniques are available. These techniques determine the downward and upward continuation fields, the second vertical derivatives and the fields reduced to the pole from the total magnetic field data. Second vertical derivatives and downward continuation fields increase the resolution and sharpness in the observed magnetic anomalies and tend to outline the surface traces of causative bodies with a reasonable amount of success in most cases. The 'reduction to the pole' is a mathematical process of calculating the field at the north pole from the observed field so that the undesirable effects of the dip and declination of the earth's field and of rock magnetization are eliminated. New and accurate means of carrying out these calculations have been developed by the Geological Survey of Canada. In this paper are also presented the results of a method for obtaining the symbol and numerical map of the processed data with the help of the printer associated with the computer. The tedious work of digitizing magnetic field values in a map can be speeded up by the use of a semi-automatic coordinatograph, with the aid of which field values can be accurately transferred to punched cards.
Keywords: Computer, Computers, Contour, Data, declination, Geological Survey of Canada, magnetic field, north pole, punched cards, Magnetization, Maps, North, Process, Processes, Value