Quality Control Principles in Coal Preparation

CIM Bulletin, 1952


This paper is presented as part of a programme to show the steps taken by industry and others interested in supplying a solid fuel of constant quality to 'satisfy a consuming market. The paper deals with the general principles underlying quality control in coal preparation plants, namely, constant quality and close adherance to acceptance limits. It also describes how control of ash content is "generally hampered by the problem of coal sampling .and the long duration of the ash analysis and how these difficulties may be overcome. Quality control can be effected in several ways. Thorough blending will reduce variations appreciably, except those of long trend. The latter can be detected by automatic sampling and quick ash analysis. At present, under favourable conditions, a system of half-hourly ash determinations with an accuracy of 0.5 to 1.0 per cent can be realized, to the effect that trends with a 'wave length' of more than two hours cu be eliminated within the limits of accuracy of the ash figures. The general solution of the problem is a combination of :blending, accurate sampling, quick ash determination, and statistical analysis of the pattern of ash distribution. The use of statistical methods of analysis, such as the t test and F test, is discussed at some length in order to emphasize the importance of the correct evaluation of observational data if there is to be confidence in the validity of test results.
Keywords: Ash, ash, coal, Quality control, standard deviation, wave length, Coal, Mines, quality, Quality control, Sampling, Standards, test, Tests