Plasma spray forming of coatings and parts

CIM Bulletin, Vol. 80, No. 900, 1987

S. DALLAIRE, Industrial Materials Research Institute, National Research Council Canada, Boucherville, Quebec

With the attainment of high temperatures it becomes possible to process any kind of material (particularly ceramics) in their liquid state. In the plasma spraying process, the material to be sprayed is rapidly heated until it is molten and is propelled by high velocity gases onto a surface where it adheres, to give protective coatings for a wide range of applications. The method could be considered as one of the most versatile and rapid to build up thick deposits (of plastics, metals, ceramics, cermets) and also free-standing artifacts for particular requirements without resorting to lengthy forming and sintering studies. Although plasma spraying is at the production stage in industry, advanced processes have also been developed for economically producing a wide range of new materials. This paper illustrates the benefits of the process and evaluates the challenges it represents.
Keywords: Industrial minerals, Plasma spray, Protective coatings, Corrosion resistance, Coatings, Thermal barrier, Powder metallurgy technology.