Performance of Iron Ore Pellets During Reduction in Rotary Kilns

CIM Bulletin, 1966

Erik Q. Dahl Electrokemisk A/S, Kristionsand, No'rway

The strength of green and sintered pellets during reduction under various conditions in a laboratory kiln has been investigated. Equipment and test methods are described, together with the results obtained. The strength of sintered pellets drops sharply when the reduction starts, and goes through a minimum at the 70 per cent oxidation level. At more advanced reduction, the strength increases with increasing metallization. Successful use of green pellets as kiln feed requires that more attention be paid to the pellet preparation than is necessary when producing pellets for separate sintering. In particular, the ores have to be ground to a greater fineness. The initial strength of green pellets is low. Below the 70 per cent oxidation level, however, the strength of these pellets is about the same as the strength of sintered ones. Additions of such materials as silica, limestone and anthracite coal; within reasonable limits, affect the strength only slightly.
Keywords: anthracite, Green Pellets, Kiln at 900'C, reducing agent, sintered, Ore, Ores, oxidation, Pellets, Reduction, Strength, Temperature, test, Tests