On the Relationship Between Gold Mineralization and Ultramafic Volcanic Rocks In the Timmins Area, Northeastern Ontario

CIM Bulletin, Vol. 69, No. 773, 1976

D. R. Pyke, Geologist, Precambrian Geology Section, Geological Branch, Ontario Division of Mines, Ministry of Natural Resources, Toronto, Ontario

Many of the gold deposits in the Timmins area show a close spatial association to ultramafic metavolcanics. Available analytical data suggest that ultramafic rocks contain significantly higher gold contents than other major rock types. In addition, recent analyses by Keays (1975) suggest that talc-carbonate alteration of ultramafic rocks releases significant quantities of gold. It is proposed that the ultramafic volcanics formed the principal source of gold for the deposits in Timmins, and that the gold, was derived from the ultramafic flows when they were extensively carbonatized. Carbonatization of the ultramafic rocks and emplacement of the auriferous quartz-carbonate veins was probably coincident with the last major period of deformation in the gold camp. Delineation of hitherto unrecognized ultramafic volcanics could be an important guide to the discovery of further gold deposits.
Keywords: Gold deposits, Mineralization, Ultramafic rocks, Timmins area, Deloro Group, Tisdale Group, Porcupine Group, Carbonitization, Volcanic rocks.