Measurements of deformation and stress variations in mine pillars

CIM Bulletin, Vol. 96, No. 1071, 2003

G. Ballivy, A.P. Bois, A. Ghorbal, V. Hajiabdolmajid and K. Saleh

The knowledge of the initial stress field is not always sufficient to ensure the stability of mining stopes due to the high-stress variations generated by mining. Monitoring of these openings is then necessary and can provide quantitative information (deformations and stress variations) as well as qualitative information (state of stability). An applied technique for following the variations of stress and deformation in static and dynamic conditions, in relation to the evaluation of the stability of underground openings known as “Cylindre Instrumenté de l’Université de Sherbrooke” (CIUS) is discussed in this paper. In addition, a data acquisition system combined with a rock failure warning system has been developed to be connected to the CIUS for detecting the instabilities, which can endanger the stability of underground openings. Also, the installation of six CIUS and a data acquisition system as well as the selected procedure of programming in a warning system are briefly described.
Keywords: Stress variations, Stability, Monitoring, Deformations, Cylindre Instrumenté de l’Université de Sherbrooke (CIUS).