Impurities at HBM&S' Flin Ron copper smelter

CIM Bulletin, Vol. 86, No. 971, 1993

A.M. Salomon de Friedberg, Hudson Bay Mining and Smelting Co. Limited, Flin Flon, Manitoba

With respect to impurities, HBM&S' copper smelter, located in Flin Flon, Manitoba, is in an unusual position. In addition to the usual concerns, the fact that copper and zinc production at Flin Flon is closely integrated results in the unique situation where feed to the copper smelter typically contains 7% to 8% zinc. This paper discusses the ramifications to copper smelter operations resulting from the marriage of HBM&S' metallurgical plants. Distributions of impurities (specifically Zn, Pb, Ni, As, Bi, Sb, and Cd) are presented and operating practices designed to reduce the impact of impurities on anode copper quality are detailed.
Keywords: Smelters, Copper, Zinc, Operating practices, Environmental improvements.