Evaluation of Phospho-Gypsum for Gypsum Products Manufacture

CIM Bulletin, 1972

R. K. COLLINGS. Head, Non-Metallic and Waste Minerals Section, Mineral Processing Division, Mines Branch, Department of Energy, Mines and Resources , Ottawa, Canada

This paper summarizes research that was done at the Mines Branch, Ottawa, to evaluate samples of phosphogypsum for gypsum products manufacture. The samples were from phosphate fertilizer facilities at: Port Maitland, Ontario ; Valleyfield, Quebec; and Fort Saskatchewan and Redwater, Alberta. All samples were wet-screened, washed, filtered and calcined in a laboratory kettle at atmospheric pressure. Tests were also made at higher pressures in a small autoclave. The gypsum and resulting hemi-hydrate, being acidic, were treated before, during and after calcining with various bases. The hemi-hydrate products were checked for time of set, compressive strength and bond to gypsum wallboard paper. The results of this study indicate that phosphogypsum from each of the sources investigated has potential as a substitute for mined gypsum in gypsum products manufacture. Pilot-scale testing is recommended to confirm that the product would be satisfactory for the manufacture of plaster products on a commercial basis.
Keywords: Acid, Autoclave, Calcining, Calcining Calcining Kettle, Gypsum., Phosphoric Acid Manufacture, Port Maitland, Ontario, stucco, Gypsum, Plants, Process, Processes, Starch, test, Tests