Evaluation of Ore Potential of Granodioritic Rocks Using Water-Extractable Chloride and Fluoride

CIM Bulletin, 1973

S. E. KESLER, J.C. VAN LOON and C. M. MOORE, Department of Geology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario

The possibility that chlorine and fluorine form complexes with ore metals, thereby having a strong effect on the mobility of these ore metals during late magmatic and hydrothermal processes, suggests that the abundance of chlorine and fluorine in igneous rocks could be used to distinguish intrusions that have generated ore deposits. The simplest and most economical measure of this chlorine and fluorine is the water-leachable chloride and fluoride that is released from fluid inclusions in the rock during crushing of the sample. In order to evaluate the possible use of this technique, measurements of water-leachable chloride and fluoride were made with selective ion electrodes on samples from nine intrusive complexes. There does not appear to be any simple relation between the abundance of chloride and the presence of mineralization. Fluoride values in mineralized intrusions appear to be higher than those in barren intrusions.
Keywords: batholith, chlorine, fluid inclusions, fluorine, University of Toronto, Chloride, Chlorides, Fluoride, Ore, Pluton, Plutons, Rock, Rocks, Value