Energy consumption in Canadian mills

CIM Bulletin, Vol. 72, No. 806, 1979

E. G. JOE Head, Engineering and Economic Evaluation Section, Ore Processing Laboratory, Mineral Sciences Laboratories, CANMET, Ottawa

The continuing increase in costs for power and fuel are affecting significantly the cost of milling Canadian ores. In order to ascertain the scope and source of energy consumption in Canadian mills for further energy conservation opportunities, CANMET, in cooperation with the Canadian Mineral Processors, carried out a detailed survey on the metallic mineral processing plants. Sixty-seven mills representing almost 300 million tons of annual capacity participated in the survey. The results indicated that, in general, copper and iron ore mills, representing the bulk of the tonnage, consumed relatively low levels of energy per ton. Nickel-copper, zinc-copper and lead-zinc ore mills were moderate in energy consumption, and uranium and some copper-lead-zinc mills reported much higher energy consumptions due primarily to the increased heat requirements of the ore pulp. Although plant heating costs varied somewhat with location, it was apparent that the lowest heating costs were achieved by those plants built with proper insulation and energy conservation design. If the cost per million British thermal units is taken as $2.00, the mill energy costs generally ranged from 40$ to $1.20 per ton.
Keywords: Milling, Energy, Mineral processing, Fuel costs, Iron ore mills, Copper ore mills, Nickel-copper ore mills, Lead-zinc ore mills, Molybdenum ore mills, Gold-silver ore mills, Uranium ore mills.