Developments in Coal Mining - 1970

CIM Bulletin, 1971

H. ZORYCHTA, Research Scientist, Elliot Lake Laboratory, Mining Research Centre, Mines Branch, Dept. of Energy, Mines and Resources, Elliot Lake, Ontario

The outlook for Eastern Canada is decreasing coal production over the next few years; however, a reappraisal of the long-term requirements and increased prices of coal could lead to a revitalizing of the industry. The market for Western coal is expanding and is expected to exceed 50 million tons per year in the metallurgical and thermal power fields. Western coal reserves are currently estimated at 119 billion tons. Technical developments in Eastern Canada include a shearer and gate-end support system to mechanically cut the stall and brushing at the tail-end of a longwall. In Western Canada, the most modern equipment is used in mining, beneficiating and shipping coal. Results to date on the underground hydraulic experiments exceed expectations. The importance of reclamation is recognized and plans have been made to restore and re-vegetate disturbed areas and mine dumps. In Eastern Canada, experiments were started to determine the feasibility of coal reclamation from mine dumps, including one dump that is on fire. The Mining Research Centre, Mines Branch, continued to conduct research work oriented toward solving Canadian mining problems The Western office of the Centre, opened in 1970, was set up primarily to study problems associated with a resurgent coal industry.
Keywords: Canada, Canada, Grande Cache, Alberta, Springhill Coal Mine Bank, Springhill, Nova Scotia, Coal, Limited, Mine, Mines, mining, Research, Resources