Comparison of Dilatation and the Chromatographic Analysis of the Pyrolysis Gases as Methods for Studying Coal Weathering

CIM Bulletin, 1970

B. S. IGNASIAK, (then) Postdoctorate Fellow, National Research Council of Canada, B. N. NANDI, Research Scientist, and D. S. MONTGOMERY, Head, Fuels Research Centre, Mines Branch, Dept. of Energy, Mines and Resources, Ottawa, Canada

The growing need to measure the extent of weathering of coking coal in storage and in transit prompted the comparison of the dilatation of coking coal on heating, which is known to be a sensitive index of oxidation, with the composition and volume of the gases produced by a mild pyrolysis of the same coal. It was found that the pyrolysis method had the advantage in that it could be used to study coking coals in advanced stages of oxidation, when the swelling properties had been largely destroyed. Of the various constituents in the pyrolysis gas, the most sensitive indication of coal oxidation was the volume of carbon monoxide evolved per gram of coal. For the coals examined, this index appeared to be at its best when the temperature of pyrolysis was approximately 35o•c.
Keywords: Air, carbon monoxide, Controlled Oxidation of Coal, Fresh coal, Pergamon Press, Pyrolysis Gas, Coal, Dilatation, oxidation, Oxygen, Pyrolysis, Research, Temperature, test, Tests