Chrysotile Asbestos: Relationship of the Surface and Thermal Properties to the Crystal Structure

CIM Bulletin, 1966

Edward Martinez Research Engineer, American Smelting and Refining Company, Central Research Laboratories, South Plainfield, H.J.

Due to its unique properties, chrysotile asbestos is used in many diversified applications. In recent years, a better understanding of the structure and properties of chrysotile has evolved due to the research efforts of many investigators. A summary of the results of some of these investigations is given. An attempt is made to show the relationships between the properties of chrysotile and its crystal structure. Examples tak~n from the literature are cited in which methods have been developed for modifying the properties to improve the performance of asbestos in some applications. These include the effect of pH on the positive zeta potential and the addition of sodium silicate to improve filtration characteristics. The dehydroxylation and formation of forsterite when chrysotile is heated are also discussed.
Keywords: Asbestos, asbestos, brucite, chrysotile, forsterite, zeta potential, Chrysotile, Clay, Clays, mineral, minerals, Research, Serpentine, Structure