Canadian developments in the use of wastes and by-products

CIM Bulletin, Vol. 72, No. 812, 1979

J.J. EMERY, Construction Materials Laboratory, Department of Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario

There is an increasing awareness on an international level of the potential for utilizing many wastes and by-products as construction materials. This has resulted in recent major reviews by OECD and RILEM to supplement national activities by agencies such as CANMET, USBM, BRE and LCPC. Much of this international and national work was reported during an International Conference on the use of by-products and wastes in civil engineering held in November 1978 in Paris.Based on participation in the OECD and RILEM reviews, and the Paris conference, developments in waste and byproduct utilization of particular concern to Canada are described. The major technical and economic constraints involved are also reviewed, so that the over-all evaluation reflects important factors such as inherent variability and transport logistics. Areas requiring further research and development are also identified. Particular emphasis is placed on slags, salvaged asphaltic concrete and surplus sulphur.Due to the rapid development of China's industry, more than a hundred million tons of industrial wastes are generated annually, which occupy lots of land for storing, bring about environmental pollution, obstruct industrial and agricultural production and cause harm to people's living. Therefore, we must utilize them effectively to create wealth for our country.
Keywords: Industrial minerals, Wastes, By-products, Construction materials, Slags, Asphaltic concrete, Sulphur, Environmental control.