Bacterial Leaching of Cadmium Sulphide

CIM Bulletin, 1971

C. BRISSETTE, J. CHAMPAGNE and J. R. JUTRAS, Department of Chemical Engineering, Ecole Polytechnique, Montreal, Que

Pure cadmium sulphide was leached by the action of the bacterium Thiobacillus thiooxidans in the presence of finely divided sulphur. The influence of time, temperature, pH and concentration of inoculum on the extent of the cadmium extraction was studied. Under optimum conditions, up to 72 per cent of the cadmium could be dissolved over a six-week period. A cursory study of the role played by elemental sulphur seems to indicate that its presence is essential but that the sul1>huric acid produced through its oxidation is a minor factor in the cadmium extraction.
Keywords: Cadmium, cadmium, inoculum, optical density, sulphuric acid, Thiobacillus, Extraction, leaching, Nutrients, pH, sulphide, Sulphides, sulphur