Application of Flocculants In Hydrocyclone Separation

CIM Bulletin, 1973

J. VISMAN, Head, Western Regional Laboratory, Mines Branch, Dept. of Energy, Mines and Resources, Edmonton, Alberta H. A. HAMZA, Assistant Professor, Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt

This is a report on the combined application of "long-chain" flocculants and classifier cyclones in the field of slimes treatment, with emphasis on the simultaneous thickening and clarifying of industrial effluents, at low cost. The principle of the process described below involves: (1) the formation of small floes of relatively great strength, by sequential dispersion and conditioning, with average floe size of about 1501' microns; (2) the floes being of sufficient strength to withstand the shearing forces operating within a cyclone and consequently behaving as solid particles with an equivalent diameter (Stokes) that exceeds the size cutpoint of the classifier cyclone; (3) the removal of flocculated solids by means of a classifier cyclone the size cutpoint of which permits effective separation of these solids from the water. Results of test work to date indicate that a broader use of cyclones in industry is possible with the above types of flocculants because t he submicron particles and colloidal material are readily collected and clear water is produced, with the attendant advantages of compact construction and low cost that are characteristic of centrifugal separation. The process generally permits classifier cyclones of medium throughput capacity (e.g. 12-in. diam.) to be used for clarifying effluents that contain minus 10-micron particles.
Keywords: centrifugal, flocculant, Flocculated Iron Oxide (2), microns) JV/H, Unflocculated Effluent, Classifiers, cyclones, effluent, Effluents, Flocculants, Materials, particles, Water, Waters